It is typical for the junction of the esophagus and stomach to suffer a tear or laceration, a condition known as Mallory-Weiss syndrome (gastroesophageal junction). When this happens, internal bleeding can occur. Most often, the lesion is the result of an extended episode of vomiting. Endoscopy Brownsville is the place to go for digestive health checks and maintenance. In addition, it can help you find and address GI issues like GERD and heartburn in Brooklyn at the first sign of trouble.
Reasons for Mallory-Weiss Syndrome
There are a number of potential causes:
- Bulimia nervosa
- Regular hiccups
- Extreme effort is required
- Acid reflux in the stomach and esophagus
- Long-term alcohol abuse
- A hard smack to the stomach or chest
Since the construction of a hernia is formed when a section of the abdomen goes through the hiatus, which is a small structure in the chest wall, additional research is required to determine whether or not a hiatal hernia is also one of the factors that determine the presence of this condition.
The clinical manifestations
- Excessive tiredness
- Being nauseous
- Bloody vomiting
- Stools that are quite dark and smelly
- Discomfort in the abdomen
The best course of action is to seek medical attention immediately and have an endoscopy performed to rule out other possible causes of these symptoms, such as ulcers or gastritis.
Where do we stand with the treatment?
The first step in treating Mallory-Weiss syndrome is to stabilize the patient’s condition and halt any further bleeding, which is normally done upon hospital admission under the direction of a gastroenterologist or a general practitioner. In order to avoid the sufferer from going into shock, the hospital staff may administer intravenous serum or perform blood transfusions.
The physician will arrange an endoscopic inspection to see if the esophageal injury is still bleeding after making sure the patient’s condition is stable. The following treatments are appropriate depending on the results of the endoscopy:
- In the case of bleeding, the physician inserts a little device down the endoscopic tube to seal off the bleeding vessels.
- In the case of an accident that does not result in bleeding, the gastroenterologist will likely recommend antacids like Omeprazole or Ranitidine to prevent further damage and speed recovery.
In the most extreme cases of Mallory-Weiss syndrome, when endoscopic treatment fails and surgical intervention is necessary to repair the lesion, surgery may be recommended. The doctor may schedule multiple follow-up visits and additional endoscopic examinations after treatment to check on the lesion’s progress.
Methods Used in Diagnosis
In order to determine the root cause of your symptoms, your doctor will ask about your medical history, current health, and lifestyle habits, including the amount of alcohol you consume daily and any recent illnesses. Your doctor may recommend an esophagogastroduodenoscopy if your symptoms point to heavy bleeding in the esophagus (EGD).
Sedatives and painkillers will be administered before the procedure to ensure your comfort. An endoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a camera at the end that will be inserted by your doctor down your esophagus and into your stomach or gastrointestinal area. This will allow your physician to see your esophagus and locate the perforation precisely.
Your physician will probably order a blood sample to confirm the RBC count. If you have esophageal bleeding, your RBC count may be dangerously low. Using the results from these exams, your doctor can diagnose this condition.
Doral Health and Wellness is here to help if you’re having digestive problems in the 1797 block of Pitkin Avenue in Brooklyn, New York 11212. Expert Gastroenterologists can be found at Endoscopy Treatment Center Brooklyn. The Colonoscopy Doctor Brooklyn is another option. Give us a call at (347) 868-1016 or visit http://www.gastroenterologybrooklyn.com/ to get the specialized care you or a loved one needs.