Digestion is the process by which food is transformed into the components that the body requires for energy, growth, and cell repair. This is a complicated process. Tossing out the byproducts of digestion is an inevitable part of the process. The best Endoscopy at Brownsville to diagnose gastrointestinal diseases and the Colonoscopy Doctor at  Brooklyn are top in their fields to explain the process of digestion to patients and prevent gastrointestinal diseases. 

Digestive Processes 

There are seven processes that the digestive system undergoes. Here are the steps:   

1. Ingestion  

The initial step in the digestive process is called ingestion. The length of the feeding tube in a man is approximately nine meters (9m), and it extends all the way from the mouth to the anus. A full day’s worth of time is required for food to move through the entirety of the food tube. Because of this, most people only need to defecate once every day. It is not a good idea to keep excrement in the intestines for more than three days at a time. The byproducts of decomposition are capable of entering the bloodstream and causing poisoning within the body. The process of eliminating waste from our bodies after digesting meals is broken down into the following steps for your convenience. 

With the assistance of peristalsis, the food that we swallow is transported further down the throat. Peristalsis is the term for the muscular contraction that creates a wave-like motion that propels food through the stomach.  

The food is held for some time in the distal part of the esophagus. This muscular valve, which is shaped like a circle, tightens to stop food from entering the intestine.  

 

2. Propulsion  

The next stage, which is called propulsion, is just another word for swallowing. The propulsive phase starts when we swallow food and it goes from the esophagus and into the stomach and it is the first stage of the process of digestion. 

Two muscles called sphincters, which are situated on either side of the tube that makes up your esophagus, control the contraction and relaxation of the passage of food and liquids through the esophagus. They also assist in preventing food that has not been well chewed from entering the esophagus and preventing acid from the stomach from moving upward. 

3. Mechanical Digestion  

The second step of digestion is known as mechanical digestion, and it includes a change in the food’s physical qualities. Our teeth are used to both chop and grind food into smaller bits as we chew it. The three pairs of salivary glands in your mouth work together to make saliva, which helps keep food moist throughout digestion. Saliva and food are mixed on the tongue. As food moves to the back of the tongue, saliva is added. Because of the mucus that is secreted at the back of the tongue, it is much simpler to swallow food. The digestive juices are churned and mixed with food as it travels through the stomach and small intestine thanks to the feeding tube. Toxic compounds that are consumed can be expelled through vomiting; a process known as reverse peristalsis. 

 4. Physical Digestion  

The act of chewing food is the first stage in the process of digestion, and it is also the third step in the digestive process. When you chew your meal, you break it down into smaller bits that are easier to digest. The process of digesting the food physically continues as it travels down the esophagus and into the stomach. 

5. Chemical phase of digestion  

Complex biological components including proteins, carbohydrates, and fats are broken down into their constituent proteins, fatty acids, monosaccharides, and glycerol. It is digestion’s initial stage, and it occurs in the small intestine. The addition of certain enzymes, which are protein molecules, is required. 

 6. Absorption  

In this stage, nutrients, such as fatty acids, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, are moved from the digestive tract into the veins and arteries. 

The large intestine is the last portion of the digestion. is responsible for some of the absorption that occurs, including the absorption of liquids and electrolytes. 

Colon-dwelling bacteria ferment carbohydrates that were not adequately broken down in the small intestine, continuing the digestive process. This allows for food to be broken down even though the large intestine does not produce enzymes. 

Absorption provides the body with access to the nutrients it requires from food and drink in order to generate energy and build new cells, tissues, enzymes, and hormones. Absorption also allows your body to eliminate waste. 

7. Defecation  

Elimination, also known as excretion, is the final stage of the gastrointestinal process. During the phase known as elimination, any undigested food or food molecules that the body is unable to absorb must be expelled from the body. The act of eliminating waste is also known as defecation. This is the part of the body where wastes that cannot be digested, in the element of feces, are eliminated. Before being ejected by the anus, the feces are temporarily retained in the distal portion of the alimentary canal. 

The Doral Health and Wellness clinic experts can help you identify the early symptoms and further prevent complications with your stomach. Please kindly consult your doctor if you are experiencing any symptoms. Gastroenterologists help in acid reflux treatment relief, GERD, and Heartburn Treatment at Brooklyn. Please call us at 347-868-1016 or you can visit the website at http://www.gastroenterologybrooklyn.com/. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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