A polyp on the colon’s inner lining is a tiny clump of cells. Polyps seen in the colon are
often benign. Some polyps, however, have the potential to progress into cancer of the
colon, which can be lethal if detected at a late stage. Colon polyps can form in anyone. If
you are over 50, have a history of polyps or cancer in your colon, are overweight, or
smoke, you have a higher risk. The majority of people with polyps in their colons never
experience any symptoms. Because polyps in the colon are normally harmless and
entirely reversible when caught early by screening procedures like a colonoscopy, it’s
crucial to have these procedures on a frequent basis. Physical examination for and
excision of polyps is the best way to avoid colon cancer. Endoscopy Brownsville is the
place to go for the prevention and maintenance of a healthy digestive tract. It also
provides services for the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal problems such as
GERD and heartburn in Brooklyn.

Symptoms
As most people with polyps in the colon have no symptoms, you may not find out you
have one until your doctor discovers it during a routine check.
However, for certain people with polyps in the colon, these symptoms may occur:
● Stool color shifting
Spoiled blood can cause the feces to turn a dark color or turn up as red streaks.
Some drugs, vitamins, and meals can also alter your skin tone.
● Uterine hemorrhage
It may indicate colon polyps, cancer, or even something benign such as
hemorrhoids or a torn anus.
● Pain
When a big polyp in the colon partially blocks the gut, it can cause excruciating
stomach pain.
● Alteration in bowel routine
Prolonged gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea or constipation that last more
than a week, may point to a bigger colon polyp or cancer. There are, however, a
variety of different medical disorders that might result in a shift in bowel habits.
● Anemia
Polyps are a common cause of internal bleeding that can occur subtly over years,
without any outward signs of blood in the stool. Constant bleeding depletes your
iron stores, making it impossible to produce enough hemoglobin, the protein that
enables erythrocytes to transport oxygen around the body (hemoglobin). Fatigue
and shortness of breath from iron deficiency anemia are the end results.

Causes
Normal cell division and expansion are signs of cellular health. Due to gene mutations,
cells may proliferate even when more cells aren’t required. This unchecked expansion can
lead to the development of polyps in the intestines, specifically in the colon and rectum.
Polyps can form in the large intestine at any point.
Non-neoplastic polyps are those that have not undergone neoplastic differentiation, and
neoplastic polyps have undergone such differentiation. In most cases, non-neoplastic
polyps do not progress to malignancy.
Adenomas and serrated polyps are both examples of neoplastic growth. If these polyps
are allowed to continue growing unchecked, they could develop into cancer. Adenomas
are the most common type of polyp found in the colon. Based on their size and position
in the colon, serrated polyps can develop into cancer as well. For neoplastic polyps in
particular, the larger they grow, the higher the risk of cancer.

Predicting When You Should See a Doctor
It is advised that you consult a physician if you have any of the following symptoms:
● Your poop has blood in it.
● Pain in the belly
● A lasting shift in your bowel movements for more than a week

Polyp screenings are recommended on a regular basis if:
● Your age is at least 50.
● You have a higher chance of developing colon cancer because of variables like a
family history of the disease. Regular screening should begin considerably earlier
than age 50 for some high-risk individuals.

Doral Health is located at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11212, and has expert
Gastroenterologists on staff to help you out if you’re having any of these problems. The
gastroenterologists of Brooklyn’s Endoscopy Treatment Center are highly regarded. If
you need a colonoscopy, you can also consult a specialist in Brooklyn. If you or a loved
one needs specialized care, please call (347) 868-1016 or visit
http://www.gastroenterologybrooklyn.com/ to schedule an appointment.

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