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The disease of structure small outpouchings (diverticula) in the muscular wall of the large intestine (the bowel) that form in weak areas of the bowel are known as diverticulosis. The sigmoid colon, a high-pressure region of the large intestine, is where they most commonly occur. 

Diverticular disease is extremely common in Western cultures, affecting 10% of people over 40 and 50% of people over 60. A lack of roughage (fiber) in the diet is a common cause of constipation. Diverticulitis may develop from diverticulosis in some cases. 

About 10% of people with outpouchings have diverticular disease complications. Infection or inflammation (diverticulitis), bleeding, and obstruction are all examples of diverticulitis symptoms. Constipation management and antibiotics, if necessary, are part of the treatment for diverticulitis. Surgery to remove the diseased segment of the colon is a last resort for those who have experienced significant complications. 

 Signs and Symptoms of Diverticulitis 

It is possible for diverticulitis, an infection and inflammation of the diverticula, to occur suddenly and unexpectedly. 

For example, diarrhea and/or constipation, as well as abdominal pain and tenderness, may be signs of diverticulitis. 

The signs and symptoms of diverticulitis can be mistaken for those of colitis (larger segment of colon inflammation). Appendicitis typically causes pain in the lower right abdomen, whereas diverticulitis typically affects the lower left. Because the treatments for these conditions are so different, a timely and accurate diagnosis is critical. 

 What Is the Prognosis for Diverticulosis? 

Diverticulosis without symptoms or complications does not necessitate treatment, but a high-fiber diet is recommended to help prevent the growth of new diverticula in the intestines. 

If you have diverticulosis, you should avoid laxatives and enemas at all costs. 

Diverticulitis Can Lead to a Range of Complications. 

Diverticulitis can lead to serious complications. A tear or perforation in the intestinal wall is the most common cause. Gut waste can leak from the intestines and cause a variety of issues in the surrounding abdominal cavity. 


You could be diagnosed by your physician by: 

Your doctor may ask you to take a pregnancy test if you are of childbearing age. Pregnancy as a cause of abdominal pain can be ruled out with this test. 

A visit to the doctor should be made as soon as possible if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of diverticulitis. 

Doral Health Experts 

A physical examination, which may include an abdominal exam, and questions about your medical history (including bowel habits, symptoms, diet, and current medications) will be performed by your doctor. 

There may be a need for a diagnostic procedure. Blood tests and computed tomography scans are two common procedures. 

A colonoscopy may be ordered by a doctor if a patient is experiencing heavy, rapid rectal bleeding. 

The digestive system necessitates specialized attention from a multidisciplinary team. Our gastroenterologists treat patients with pancreatic, liver, gallbladder, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon diseases or disorders. Call us today at 347-868-1016. 



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Diverticular Disease

Diverticulosis is the presence of small outpouchings (diverticula) in the muscular wall of the large intestine that forms in weakened areas of the bowel. They usually occur in the sigmoid colon, the high-pressure area of the lower large intestine.
Diverticular disease is prevalent and occurs in 10% of people over the age of 40 and 50% of people over the age of 60 in Western cultures. It is often caused by too little roughage (fiber) in the diet. Diverticulosis rarely causes symptoms.

Complications of diverticular disease happen in about 10% of people with outpouchings. They include infection or inflammation (diverticulitis), bleeding, and obstruction. Treatment of diverticulitis includes antibiotics, increased fluid, and a special diet. Surgery is needed in about half the patients who have complications to remove the colon’s involved segment.


By reading this website, you acknowledge that you are responsible for your own health decisions. The information throughout this medical website is not intended to be taken as medical advice. The information provided is intended for general information regarding gastroenterology conditions and services.

If you are interested in finding out more, avoid worrisome self-diagnosis, please contact a Doral Health & Wellness specialist for a personal consultation. No information on this site should be used to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease or condition.